HIT: What can I eat?
The most important measure to take is to observe a low-histamine diet.
There are a couple of basic rules that you should keep in mind:
- No preserves, canned or bottled food products
- No over-ripe foods (matured cheeses, alcoholic beverages, products produced with yeast, less than fresh fish...)
- Histamine levels can vary! Depends on the maturation/ripening stage and hygienic condition of the product.
- No alcohol, especially not before, during or after meals.
- Always make sure to tell any physicians treating you that you have histamine intolerance. This applies especially when you undergo surgery under anaesthetic!
- Always keep your emergency set with you (as prescribed by your doctor)
- Certain medication should be avoided. (Ask your doctor! )
- Always eat food directly from the refrigerator; don’t take it out of the refrigerator to let it warm up before you eat it.
The following foods should be avoided in general:
- Alcoholic beverages
- Hard (matured) cheese
- Fish (except for very fresh fish)
- Tuna (even when it’s fresh)
- Shell fish
You can find a more detailed list of tolerated and not tolerated foods here, and here in the histamine table.
Treatment of histamine intolerance
More information about the treatment and a low biogenic amine diet can be found in this Food Intolerance Network article
Maintz L, Noval N: Histamine and histamine intolerance. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2007
Jarisch, R. "Histaminunverträglichkeit", Thieme Verlag TB 2. Auflage